“Used to do something” және “be used to doing something”
Ағылшын тілінде “used to do something” конструкциясын бҧрын дағдылы болған, бірақ қазіргі уақытта жасалынбайтын ісәрекетті білдіру ҥшін қолданылады.
We used to live in a small village, but now we live in Astana.
I used to drive to work every day, but these days I usually go by bike.
Болымсыз сӛйлемде кӛмекші етістік did немесе not бӛлшегі қолданылады.
We didn‟t use to have computers (=We never used to have computers.)
► “to be used to + V ing” осы шақа қатысты «дағдылану» мағынасына сәйкес келеді…
I wasn‟t used to wearing glasses – it seemed very strange at first.
I am used to getting up early.
► „to be used to + V ing‟ конструкциясына „to get used to + V ing‟ синонимдес.
Zhanar is getting used to live in the city. (She is becoming accustomed to live in the city)
They will soon get used to cooking their own meals.
► „I‟d like to do something‟ сӛзорамы
„I‟d like to do something‟ сыпайы тҥрді білдіреді. Сҧраулы сӛйлемде “Would you like to + infinitive?”
Would you like to lay the table for me? – Yes, of course.
I would like a brochure, please.
We would like to order our drinks first.
Would you like to visit the museum with us?
► “Suggest doing / suggest that you should do” 2 жағдайдақолданылады:
1) Хабарлы сӛйлемде 2 конструкцияда қолданылады.
Why don‟t we go for a walk?
She suggested doing for a walk OR She suggested that we should go for a walk
2) Біреуге кеңес беретін болған жағдайда конструкциясы қолданылады. Бҧл жерде айтушы адам кеңеспен жҥрмейді, ісәрекет тек бір адаммен ғана іске асады.
Why don‟t buy some new clothes?
He suggested that I should buy some new clothes. (NOT he suggested buying new clothes.)
► “There is / there are‟ сӛзорамдары
Заттың, нәрсенің, атаудың белгілі бір жерде тҧрғанын, бар екенін білдіру ҥшін жекеше тҥрде „there is‟, кӛпше тҥрде „there are‟қолдынылады. „There is / there are‟сӛз орамдары сӛйлемнің басында қолданылады. To be етістігі шаққа байланысты ӛзгеріп отырады.
There is a lamp on the table. There is some water in the glass.
There are lamps in the shop. There are four children in our family.
There wasn‟t anybody in the room.
Are there any flowers in your classroom?
Is there any air in Mars?
1. Сӛйлемде There және be қажеттіформаларындақойыңыз.
1. There (isn‟t / aren‟t) any letters in the mail for you today. 2. There (isn‟t / aren‟t any mail for you today.
There (is, are) a lot of problems in the world.
There (is, are) a hole in his sock.
There (is, are) over 600.000 kings of insects in the world.
How many kinds of birds (is / are) there in the world? 7. Why (isn‟t / aren‟t) there a hospital close to those villages?
There (was, were) a terrible earthquake in Iran last year.
Why (is, are) there a shortage of available apartments for rent in this city at present?
There (is, are) more women than men in my office.
There (has been, have been) a line in front of that theater every night for the past two weeks.
How many wars do you suppose there (has been, have been) in the history of the world since the dawn of civilization?
2. Сӛйлемдерге used to немесе be used to қойыңыз.
I (live) used to live in Jakarta, but now I live in Paris.
I (live) am used to living in Jakarta. I‟ve lived here all my life.
Jane (work) ________ for the telephone company, but now she has a job at the post office. 4. This work doesn‟t bother me. I (work) _________ hard. I‟ve worked hard all my life.
Dick (have) ______ mustache, but he doesn‟t anymore. He shaved it off, because his wife didn‟t like it. I (see, not) him without his mustache. He still looks strange to me.
When I was a child, I (think) ________ anyone over 40 was old. Of course, now that I‟m middle aged, I agree with those who say “Life begins at 40.
It (take) ______ weeks or months to cross the Atlantic Ocean from Europe to the Americas, but now it takes only a matter of hours.
Even though Jason is only 12, he (fly) __________ on airplanes. His father is a pilot and has taken Jason with him in a plane many times.
When I was growing up, my mother often sent me to the neighborhood store to get something for her. And each time I went there, Mr.Ditmar, the owner, (give) ________ me a piece of candy.
Michael (take) ________ care of himself. He left home when he was 15 and has been on his own ever since.