Сборник текстов на казахском, русском, английском языках для формирования навыков по видам речевой деятельности обучающихся уровней среднего образования



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Times of my day
I am a schoolboy. My lessons start at 8 o'clock, so I get up at 7.

Sometimes I do my morning exercises. I clean my teeth, wash my face. Then I go back to my room, make the bed. I put on my clothes and comb my hair. At a quarter to eight I take my bag and go to school. My school starts at 8 o'clock and I don't like to be late. After each lesson there is a break. When lessons are over I go home.

The teachers give us a lot of homework, so I start doing it about 16.30 or 17.00.

My parents get home about six o'clock. We watch TV, have supper together. After it I help my mother to do some work about the house. At eleven o'clock I go to bed and fall asleep.


Times of my day
I usually have no free time on weekdays that’s why I look forward to my days off. On a day off I don’t have to hurry any-where. I can do whatever I like. On a day off I wake up later than usual, at about 10 o’clock. I don’t get up at once. I like to stay in bed for a while and think about something nice. Then I get up and have breakfast.

I like to have something special for breakfast on such days. In the afternoon I usually play football or basketball with my friends. In fine weather we often go to the country. We find a nice place and sunbathe and play different games in summer or go skiing in winter. In the evening I like to read, listen to the music or play chess with my father.


Our town
Our town is Shakhty. It is beautiful and big. Tourists can visit Lenin Square, the Pushkin Library and the Museum in Shakhty. Children and their parents can spend their spare time in the City Park. There are many cafes in it. They can take various rides in the park. They can walk and play there.

There are many shops in Sovetskaya Street. People can do shopping there. There is a theatre in Shevchenko Street.

I love our town!
Around the house
I'd like to tell you about my house of my dream. Near the front side it has a facade with columns and steps up to the front door. There are also two balconies and a terrace in my house. The windows are in the shape of arches. Through them you can see a wonderful landscape.

There are lots of trees and flowers around the house. And you can walk in the shade of these trees listening to the birds singing. Behind the house there is a swimming bath, covered with glass. There are some plastic armchairs around the swimming bath. Our house looks peaceful and calm and the calmest room is my study. After the house, grow vegetables in our garden and involved in cooking.

Our house is a beautiful place at any time of the year. In winter it's warm and cozy, in summer there is so much to do outside.
Our town
Part I

We live in a very large country. Its regions differ very much. Our Rostov region is in the very South of Russia. It is rather big. It’s bigger than France. There are many cities and towns in Rostov region. But the biggest city is Rostov-on-Don , It’s the centre of Rostov region. Its population is more than a million of People of different nationalities live in Rostov-on-Don. And as a rule different nations live in piece. Now Rostov-on-Don is a big industrial town. There are many plants and factories in it. There are many schools and universities. Rostov is an educational centre in the South of Russia.

My native town Bataysk is not far from Rostov. We may say that it is a part of Rostov.

Part II

I live in a small town. There is a big airport near my town.

There is a huge zoo in my city, children like to go there. I like to go to a park and feed squirrels there.

My town is not very big, there are only two cinemas in my town. There are a few famous buildings in my town. There is a big bridge in my town, we call it Main bridge.



Part III

I live in a small town. It is not modern, there are many old buildings. There is no airport in our town. It is surrounded by many villages. There are a lot of parks and gardens. Citizens go there to take a walk and feed squirrels. There is a big stadium, one theatre and one cinema in my area. I like to take part in some competitions which are held almost every month.


Animal types
A lot of people keep animals at home for pleasure. They are called pets.

The most popular pets are dogs and cats. Some dogs protect their owner’s houses. Cats are not so loyal as dogs, but they can help people, too. They catch mice and rats.

Sometimes people keep exotic animals: snakes, frogs, small crocodiles and even tigers. But it’s not a good idea to keep a snake or a tiger at home because it can be really dangerous.

Every child wants a pet to play with, but animals are not toys. They need everyday care. You must keep their baskets and cages clean, remember to feed them regularly.


Animal types
 Ukraine has trees, such as pine, oak, fir, beech and birch. The wealth of the forest includes not only timber, but also berries, mushrooms and medical herbs. The animal world of Ukraine is different. It has hundreds of species of animals and birds. They are: wolf, fox, badger, deer, hamster, field mouse and so on. The birds are: the sparrow, titmouse, grouse, owl. Some fur animals, such as mink, silver-black fox, musk -rat, brought into Ukraine have well.

The animals include squirrels, foxes, hares and roes. The rivers and lakes are home to ducks, geese, storks and cranes. It should also be said that the animal life of the Carpathians is wonderful. Here you can find deer brown bears, wild cats and pigs, black squirrels. Bird life includes golden eagles and black wood peckers. The plants of this region are also different and beautiful. It is well worth visiting, especially in spring.


Inventions in KZ
New inventions appear every day to make our lives easier, longer, warmer, faster, and so on.

“Inventions associated with ways of cooking of different national food products include kurt, kymiz, shubat , tary , zhent and so on are being actively patented now. Earlier Kazakhs prepared kymiz by hand. At present inventors suggest power-operated devices to mix kymiz. These devices make the process easier and cut production time. The way of cooking of a dry shubat has also been patented.


Music
I love music, I think people cannot live without it. We can hear music everywhere: in the streets, in the shops, on TV, over the radio, in the cars, in the parks, everywhere. A lot of people are fond of music. They buy tapes, go to the concerts and visit Concert Halls, Opera Theatres.

I want to know more and more about popular talented groups and singers I like. Some people go to music schools, they play different musical instruments, sing in the chorus.


Musical instruments
I really wish I could play a musical instrument. I can’t. I had a few music lessons when I was a kid, but I didn’t keep them up. I really regret that now.

Of all the musical instruments, I’d like to play the piano. I think this is the king of musical instruments. It sounds so beautiful. Pianos also look beautiful. I imagine it’s very relaxing playing it.

Another instrument I’d like to play is the guitar. I want to be a rock star, although I’m a bit old now. I suppose it’s never too old though to learn to play something. I haven’t given up hope.

My music
It is difficult to live without music. We hear music everywhere: in the streets, at home, over the radio and on TV, in the shops, in the parks and in the concert halls, at the seaside, sometimes in the forest.  We can't live without music. We like to listen to music, we enjoy dancing to music, we can play musical instruments.

Music is a combination of many sounds. They are short and long, weak and strong. Music reflects people’s mood and emotions.

I like to listen to the songs by our Russian popular singers. They are talented singers and composers, and I like to attend their concerts. My friend Mike is fond of classical music. Sometimes he spends his free time, listening to music by Wolfgang Mozart and other composers.
The Changing World of Communication
Long time ago people used stone tablet to write. The problem was that it was too heavy and couldn't store lots of information.
It was hard to transport the information. The messengers run for 10-18 days to send it to the recipient.

Thousand years after that era, a man invented paper and printing machine. Since then, it's easier to communicate.

Not so long time ago, a genius invented a machine that can produce lots of information instantly in a very short time. This machine
is so revolutionary. Soon after that, lots of new technologies were invented. Now,

millions of information can be stored in a very small chip.

With the help of the Internet, people can share and get the information in a very short time. Millions of texts, videos, music, images and many other modes of communication are produced and accessed every day.
Digital Communication
Samuel Morse sent the first telegraph on May 24, 1844. This revolutionized long distance communication.

Alexander Graham Bell made the first phone call on March 10, 1876.

John Logie Baird transmitted the first television signal October 2, 1995.

My space was created by Chris De Wolfe and Tom Anderson in July 2003. 

Facebook was launched in February 2004 by Mark Zuckerberg. This replaced Myspace.

Twitter was created in March 2006 by Jack Dorsey, Evan Williams, Biz Stone and Noah Glass and launched by July 2006.

The first generation iPhone (iPhone 1) was announced January 9, 2007 by Apple Inc.

The iPad was announced by Steve Jobs on January 27, 2010. It was marketed by Apple Inc.
The Olympic Games
The first recorded Olympic competition took place in 776 B.C. The only event was a race the length. Other events were added slowly. The competition was every four years.

Only Greek men could enter. It was a high honor. The winners received crowns of leaves.

The first modern Olympic Games were in Athens, Greece in 1896. Nine countries sent athletes to the Olympic.

There were a few events for women in 1900, but many women didn’t take part till 1960.

There are many traditional and new events in the Olympic Games. The biggest change was the addition of winter sports in 1924.
Sports around the World

An ABC Adventure
Aa

American Football is the most popular played sport in the United States. It was first played on November 6th, 1869 by Princeton and Rutger. It originated from rugby and soccer.

Bb

Bobsleigh is a winter sport that originated in St. Moritz, Switzerland. This sport was first practiced in the 1870’s with teams of two or four trying to make it down a slope in the least possible time.



Cc

Cricket was first played in southern England and became England’s national sport in the 18th century. Cricket is one of the sports with the longest playing time because it can take several days for a team to win the match.

Dd

This first time anyone was seen playing gold with a flying disk was in 926 in Bladworth, Saskatchewan, Canada. It started with Roland Gibson and his friends throwing tin plates at targets such as tree and poles.



Ee

Endurance Riding is an equestrian sport most popular in the UK and USA, but it is an international sport practiced word-wide. The average race is 50 to 100 miles and horses are required to have veterinary stops at every check point. 

Ff

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Football is the world's most popular sport. As of January 2013, there are 207 international teams! The largest soccer tournament is called the World Cup and it is held every four years. 

Gg


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Gymnastics was originally created as a form of exercise for boys and young men in the late 18th century in Liege, Belgium. Gymnastics was created by three physical education pioneers from Germany. 

Hh

Century old carvings on Egyptian walls show that Hockey has been around for a long time. There are several types of hockey, including: Ice Hockey and Field Hockey that are mostly played in Canada and the US. 



Ii

Ice Climbing began in Italy, England, and Germany. It is considered an Alpine sport since it is a form of regular rock climbing. Ice Climbing is very technical and requires extensive training and safety equipment. 

Jj

Jujutsu or Jujitsu is a form of Japanese martial arts. This requires precise movements and no weapons. It was originally created among the samurai of feudal Japan to defeat armed enemies. 



Kk 

Kayaking originated in Alaska when explorers from around the world discovered North America. The word "kayak" comes from the Alaskan Eskimo. The most common modern competitive kayaking race is called Slalom Kayaking where competitors race downstream at high speeds passing through pole gates. 

Ll

Longboarding, also known as "sidewalk surfing", originated in Hawaii and it has become very popular in the islands. The idea of long-boarding was actually a result of surfers needing to train even when the tide was too low or too rough. The sidewalks and roads mimic some of the movements of the waves. 



Mm

Mountaineering originated in France when for the first time, a person successfully descended from Mont Blanc in 1786. Since then, mountaineering has spread rapidly around European and African countries. The largest mountain range is conquered where the Himalayas in Central Asia. 

Nn

Knee-boarding originated off the pure creativity of south Californian surfers. In 1965, they used homemade knee boards to tie them to boats and take joy rides. 



Oo

Orienteering is a sport that originated in Sweden as a way of training the military in land navigation. In Swedish, the word for orienteering means "the crossing of unknown land with the aid of a map and a compass."

Pp

Polo was first played in Iran but has then spread to other parts of the world such as South Asia and Britain. The horses used in polo are chosen based on quick bursts of speed, stamina, agility and maneuverability 



Qq

Quidditch was first seen in a book series, later turned movie, called Harry Potter. The sport consists of two teams of seven players riding flying broomsticks, using four balls called the Quaffle, two Bludgers, and the Golden Snitch. There are six elevated ring-shaped goals, three on each side of the Quidditch pitch. 

Rr

Rugby was an English sport played long before American football. It was first played in public schools. There are two types of rugby: rugby league and rugby union. Although they are both similar, they each are played differently. 



Ss

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Surfing is a popular sport that can be seen almost anywhere where you can find a beach. Although surfing developed in several places at the same time, it is most accredited to Peru. Inhabitants of Trujillo, Peru rode boats called "caballitos de totora."

Tt

Team Penning is an equestrian sport that developed in Ventura County, California. It started as common ranch work of separating cattle into pens for doctoring while riding a horse. 



Uu

Uni-cycling is practiced competitively in the mountain ranges of the United States. Unicycles where first made in the 19th century. Since then, there have been over 30 different types of uni-cycling races. 

Vv

Volleyball is a very common and popular sport worldwide that was first played is Massachusetts, USA. It began as a mix of tennis and handball, and it was called "Mintonette."



Ww

Water-polo was among the first team sports introduced at the Olympic games in 1900. The first ever recorded game was in Bournemouth, England and it consisted of a mix of football and soccer. 

Xx

Xare is a racket sport that originated with the ancient Greeks. Xare is a form of "Basque ball." It can be played in teams, in doubles, or individually. 



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Yy

Yagli Gures, also known as oil or grease wrestling, is the Turkish national sport. Here, wrestle while covered in olive oil. Every year since 1365, Turkey has held their annual matches during the summer. 



Zz

Zip-lining is very popular in areas such as Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and Florida. The first time anyone attempted to use zip lines was in a remote place in China to cross bridges. 



Sports and Games
Many of you play such games as volleyball or football, basketball or tennis.

People who play a game are players. Players from other teams are their opponents. Two players playing with each other are partners. Each team can lose or win.

Most matches take place in a large stadium.

Athletics is the most popular sport. People call it “the queen of all sport”. It comprises such kinds of sports as: running (for different distance), jumping (long and high jumps) and others.

From time to time international championship and races (horse-races, motor-races and cycle-races) take places. Representatives of various countries can win a gold, silver or bronze medal. Such great championships in sport are organized every four years and we call them Olympic Games. Only the best may take part in them.
The First Marathon
In 490 B.C. there was a big war between the Persians and the Greeks.

Persia was a huge empire and bigger than Greece.

There were 48000 Persian soldiers and only 10000 Greek soldiers.

The Greek sent a messenger to Sparta for help. The messenger ran two days over the mountains.

But the Spartans could not fight until there was full moon. The messenger returned the Marathon alone.

The Greek attacked the Persian army and won. The messenger ran 40 kilometers to Athens to tell that they won.

He arrived at the city very tired. “We won!” he shouted. Then he died.

From this time the marathon race was in the modern Olympic Games. It was 1896. It was won by a Greek runner, Spiridon Louis. He also was a postman.


The History of Baseball
Baseball was first played in England in 1700. In 1830 baseball became a popular sport across the country. Baseball clubs in New York united the first official league. Stadiums were built and fans could watch their favorite teams play. In 1947, Jackie Robinson became the first African-American player.

Today baseball is one of the nation’s most popular sports. It often called “America’s pastime”.


The rabbit and the tortoise
Once upon a time there was a rabbit and a tortoise. They were good friends. They meet and play every day. The rabbit always said that he could run faster than the tortoise. So they decided to have a race. They chose a start and finish point. The rabbit ran really fast. The tortoise was behind. So the rabbit stopped under a tree. But the tortoise didn’t stop. So the tortoise won the race.
Sport and Games
Sport is important for. There are a lot of interesting spots and games. I know basketball, volleyball, football, tennis, swimming, skating and skiing. I like swimming and skiing very much. In summer I swim in the river. In winter I ski in the forest. I like to play football most of all. I usually play football with my friend.
Pirate’s Treasure
“Ten steps from the porch and twenty steps from the rose bushes,” growled Bluebeard in Jimmy’s dream one night. “Treasure is there!”

The next day Jimmy began to dig. He dug until the hole was deep. He kept digging. The hole got deeper and the dirt pile got higher. He dug until the hole was deepest and dirt pile was at its highest. He sighed. “I’m too tired. I can’t dig anymore.” Then he spied something… but it was only one of Woofy’s bones. Instead of treasure, all Jimmy found a dog bone. He thought “That pirate lied to me!”

But when Jimmy’s mother saw the hole, she clasped her hands and smiled.

“Oh, thank you, Jimmy. I always wanted a rhododendron bush planted just there. Here’s $5.00 for digging that hole.”


Surprise from Australia
The school ends and Erica quickly puts her books in the bag and runs out of the class. Today is a special day. She runs home and thinks about her uncle. He returns from Australia. He brings a special surprise for her! She is thinking about the surprise. “May be it is a surfboard? Or maybe it is Australian nuts? Oh, maybe he brings a kangaroo?”

Erica arrives home. “Uncle, uncle! What a special surprise?” “Well, I have for you an Australian aunt!” he smiled.


On the farm
Last summer Lucy and Bob were on his grandad’s farm. Grandad has got a lot of hens. One day he gave one egg to Diana, a little cousin of Bob and Lucy. She said to Bob, “I have a great plan. I’ll keep it in my pocket and soon it’ll be a chicken.”

“And what are you going to do with a chicken?” asked Bob.

“The chicken will become a hen. The hen will give more eggs. The chickens will become hens. The hens will give more eggs and I’ll sell them. I’ll be rich. I’ll buy a beautiful doll and a house for doll!” said Diana.

“How clever of you! You are a good businessman,” said Bob.

Suddenly Diana dropped the egg. How sad poor Diana was. But that was a lesson. Never count your chickens before they are hatched.
Health is Wealth
Part I

Once upon a time, there lived a generous and kind-hearted king. But the people weren’t happy with their king. The king was lazy.

He spent days and weeks and months in his bed eating something or sleeping. He almost became inactive. The king became a potato couch. The people started to worry about the king. One day he realized that he couldn’t move his body. He became very fat.

He invited doctors from various parts of his country. Unfortunately no one could help the king.


Part II

One fine morning, a holy man (Rishi) visited the region of the King. He heard about the ill-health of the king and told the minister to meet him at his place. When the minister met him, he informed the minister that he could easily cure the king. The minister became very happy.


Part III

The holy man resided at a distant place. The fatty king asked the minister to come near, but the holy man refused. Then he ordered to come to meet him. 

After strenuous efforts, the king met the holy man. The holy man encouraged him and said he was good and very soon the king would gain his health. He asked the king to come for treatment every day from the next day. Also the holy man told the king that he would treat the king only if he came on foot to his place.
Part IV

The King was unable to walk even a few steps on the road, but he reached the holy man’s place. Unfortunately, the holy man was not at home and the king came the next day for treatment.

This was repeated for two weeks and the king never met the holy man. He never had any treatment. Suddenly, the king realized that he felt lighter, lost weight and felt more active than before. He realized the reason why the holy man asked him to reach his place by walking.

Very soon, the king regained his health, and the people were very happy in his kingdom.

The King had a lot of wealth, but no amount of wealth could make him healthy.

Health is Wealth!


Some Strong Animals Need Your Help

The tiger
The tiger is a beautiful animal.  It has orange, black and white. Many people see tigers only in a zoo, but they live mostly in Asia.

Sadly, many people like to kill the tigers, and now they may all die. In some places, people think that tiger’s parts can be used for medicine. People pay lots of money for tiger claws.  Tigers are very strong, but they are endangered.


Каталог: uploads -> doc -> 0a52
doc -> Пєн атауы: Математика
doc -> Сабаќтыњ тарихы: ХІХ ѓасырдыњ 60-70 жылдарындаѓы ќазаќ халќыныњ отарлыќ езгіге ќарсы азаттыќ к‰ресі
doc -> 1 -сынып, аптасына сағат, барлығы 34 сағат Кіріспе (1 сағат)
doc -> Сабақтың тақырыбы: XVIII ғасырдың бірінші ширегіндегі Қазақ хандығының ішкі және сыртқы жағдайы Сабақтың мақсаты
doc -> Сабақтың тақырыбы: XVIII ғасырдың бірінші ширегіндегі Қазақ хандығының ішкі және сыртқы жағдайы
0a52 -> Жантақ өсімдігі туралы жалпы сипаттама
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