/пособие для студентов филологического факультета/
Cоставитель: Заболотских И.В.
THE ROYAL FAMILY Queen ELIZABETH /королева ЕЛИЗАВЕТА ВТОРАЯ/ (1926 - ) the queen of Great Britain since 1952, the elder daughter of George VI. She married her third cousin, Philip, the Duke of Edinburgh. They have four children: Prince Charles, Princess Anne, Prince Andrew and Prince Edward.
Prince PHILIP, Duke of Edinburgh /принц ФИЛИП, герцог Эдинбургский/ (1921 - ) husband of the British queen, Elizabeth II. Prince Philip was born into the Greek royal family but became a British citizen in 1947.He served in the Royal Navy both before and for some years after his marriage in 1947 to the then Princess Elizabeth.
Prince CHARLES /принц ЧАРЛЬЗ/ (1948 - ) the first son of Queen Elizabeth II and next in line to the British throne. His title is the Prince of Wales. He studied at Trinity College, Cambridge, 1967-70, before serving in the Royal Air Force and Royal Navy. He married Lady Diana Spencer in Saint Paul’s Cathedral in 1981. They have had two sons, Prince William and Prince Harry. Amid much publicity, Charles and Diana separated in 1992, later they divorced (1996). Diana died in a car crash in Paris in 1997.
Prince of Wales /принц Уэльский) a title given to the first son of a British king or queen. Prince Charles was given this title in a 1969.
Duke of Cornwall /герцог Корнуэльский/ one of the titles of the oldest son of the sovereign as heir to the throne.
Princess of Wales /принцесса Уэльская/ the title traditionally given by the British sovereign to the wife of the Prince of Wales.
Her Royal Highness the Princess of Wales DIANA /ее Высочество принцесса Уэльская ДИАНА/ (1961 - 1997) the Princess of Wales (the former Lady Diana Spencer) married the Prince of Wales in 1981. She has won the affection of many people by her modesty, shyness, beauty. The wedding of the royal couple in 1981 was one of the great public events of the year. In 1982 she gave birth to her first child, Prince William, and two years later to her second son, Prince Henry. Prince William of Wales and Prince Henry of Wales are second and third respectively in line of succession to the throne. Diana was unhappy, she felt unloved and knew Charles loved another and had always did. In December 1992 it was announced that the Prince and Princess of Wales had agreed to separate. In February 1996 was the divorce, 31 August 1997 was the car crash in Paris that took her life. Her brother, Earl Spencer, in 1998 turned her house into a museum, and many people pay tribute to her.
Princess ANNE /принцесса АННА/ (1950 - ) the second child and only daughter of Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain. Her title is the Princess Royal. She won a gold medal for horse riding in the 1972 Olympic Games and is known for charity work as President of the Save the Children Fund. She was divorced from her husband Captain Mark Phillips in 1992. Married Commander Timothy Laurence.
Prince ANDREW /принц ЭНДРЮ/ (1960 - ) the third child of Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain. His title is Duke of York. Prince Andrew is a naval helicopter pilot. He married Sarah Ferguson in 1986. Their first daughter, Princess Beatrice, was born in 1988, and their second daughter, Princess Eugene, was born in 1990. In 1992 he and his wife separated, divorced in 1996.
Prince EDWARD /принц ЭДВАРД/ (1964 - ) the youngest son of Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain. He is seventh in the line to the throne after Charles, Charles’s two sons, Andrew and Andrew’s two daughters. Prince Edward worked for a short time in the armed forces, as expected of men in the royal family, but later went to work in the theatre.
Prince WILLIAM /принц УИЛЬЯМ/ (1984 - ) the first son of Prince Charles and Princess Diana. He is also the Prince of Wales, like his father.
Prince HENRY /принц ГЕНРИ/ (1984 - ) the second son of Prince Charles and Princess Diana. His official title is the Prince of Wales (like his father and his elder brother). He is known as Prince Harry.
Princess MARGARET /принцесса МАРГАРИТА/ (1930 - ) a British princess, the younger sister of Queen Elizabeth II. She married a photographer, Anthony Armstrong-Jones (later Lord Snowdon) in 1960 and had two children, David (Viscount Linley) and Sarah. She was divorced in 1978.
Aldington, Richard /Ричард Олдингтон/ (1892 - 1962) a poet, novelist and biographer.
Aldiss, Brian /Брайан Олдис/ (1925 - ) a British writer of science fiction.
Allingham, Margery /Марджери Аллингхэм/ (1904 - 1966) a writer of detective fiction.
Amis, Martin /Мартин Эмис/ (1949 - ) an English novelist.
Austen, Jane /Джейн Остин/ (1775 - 1817) an English writer who wrote, often humorously, about the way of life of upper middle-class people of her time. Her major works include Sense and Sensibility, Pride and Prejudice, Northanger Abbey.
Ballard, J.G. /Джей Джи Баллард/ (1930 - ) an English novelist whose works include science fiction on the theme of disaster.
Barrie, James Matthew /Джеймс Мэтью Барри/ (1860 - 1937) a Scottish writer of plays and stories, best-known for his children’s story Peter Pan.
Barstow, Stanley /Стэнли Барстоу/ (1928 - ) a novelist. He has written many novels about Yorkshire life.
Beerbohm, Sir Max /Макс Бирбом/ (1872 - 1956) a British humorous writer.
Blackmore, Richard Doddridge /Ричард Доддридж Блэкмор/ (1825 - 1900) an English writer best-known for his book Lorna Doone, a historical story which takes place in Devon.
Blyton, Enid /Энид Блайтон/ (1897 - 1968) an English writer of children’s books.
Bradbury, Malcolm /Малкольм Брэдбери/ (1932 - ) an English writer, known for his humorous books about life in universities.
Braine, John /Джон Брейн/ (1922 - 1986) an English writer. His best novel is Room at the Top.
Brontё, Anne /Анна Бронте/ (1820 - 1849) an English writer, the sister of Charlotte and Emily, best-known for her novel The Tenant of Wildfell Hall.
Brontё, Charlotte /Шарлотта Бронте/(1816-1855) an English writer, the sister of Anne and Emily, best-known for her novel Jane Eyre.
Brontё, Emily /Эмилия Бронте/ (1818 - 1848) an English writer, the sister of Anne and Charlotte.
Bughan, John /Джон Бьюкен/ (1875 - 1940) a Scottish writer, best-known for his popular adventure stories such as The Thirty Nine Steps.
Carrol, Lewis /Льюис Кэрролл/ (1832 - 1898) the pen name of Charles Lutwidge Dodgson. He is the author of the classical children’s books Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking Glass. He also wrote nonsense verse. By profession he was lecturer in mathematics at Oxford University.
Carter, Angela /Aнджела Картер/ (1940 - 1992) a novelist and essayist. In her fiction uses extravagant Gothic fantasy, a baroque multiplicity of characters who change role and pastiches of genres.
Cartland, Dame Barbara /Барбара Картланд/ (1904 - ) a very popular English writer who has written hundreds of novels about love and romance. She is also an expert on fashion, health and physical fitness.
Cary, Joyce /Джойс Кэри/ (1888 - 1957) a novelist. His best-known works are the trilogies which explore the worlds of art – Herself Surprised, To Be a Pilgrim and The Horse’s Mouth.
Chesterton, Gilbert Keith /Гильберт Кит Честертон/ (1874 - 1936) an English poet, novelist and essayist. His best-known stories are about Father Brown, a priest who uses his clever mind to explain or find the answer to crimes.
Christie, Dame Agatha /Агата Кристи/ (1890 - 1976) an English writer of popular books and plays, many of which have been made into films. She helped raise the detective story to a prominent place in literature. Her most famous characters are the detectives Hercule Poirot and an elderly spinster Miss Marple. Two of her best-known books are Murder on the Orient Express and Death on the Nile. Besides being a detective writer, Agatha Christie has written six romantic novels under the pseudonym Mary Westmacott, several plays and a book of poems. She also assisted her archaeological husband Sir Max Mallowan on many expeditions to the Near East.
Clarke, Arthur /Артур Кларк/ (1917 - ) a British scientist and writer of science fiction books, probably best-known for his book 2001: a Space Odyssey which was made into an extremely popular and successful film in 1984.
Соllins, Jackie /Джэки Коллинз/ (1941 - ) an English writer of popular novels, especially about the lives of rich and fashionable people.
Collins, William Wilkie /Уильям Уилки Коллинз/ (1824 - 1889) an English writer of many novels, especially known for The Moomstone /1868/, considered to be the first English mystery novel, and The Woman in White /1860/.
Conrad, Joseph /Джозеф Конрад/ (1857 - 1924) a British author of Polish origin. He based his works, including Heart of Darkness and Lord Jim, on his adventures as a sailor.
Cookson, Catherine /Катерина Куксон/ (1906 - ) an English writer of historical stories. She is extremely popular, especially among female readers.
Coppard, Alfred Edgar /Альфред Эдгар Коппард/ (1878 - 1957) a short-story writer and poet.
Cronin, Archibald Joseph /Арчибальд Джозеф Кронин/ (1896 - 1981) a Scottish novelist. He was educated at Dumbarton Academy and Glasgo University and practised medicine in South Wales, and then in London. After the success of his first novel Hatter’s Castle /1931/, Cronin gave up medicine for writing. In the years that followed he produced a large number of popular novels: The Stars Look Down /1935/, The Citadel /1937/, The Keys of the Kingdom /1942/, The Green Years /1946/, The Judas Tree /1961/. Many were made into successful films.
Dahl, Roald /Роальд Дал/ (1916 - 1990) a writer of children’s literature. His book Charly and the Chocolate Factory /1964/ became an international best-seller as well as a successful film.
Defoe, Daniel /Даниель Дефо/ (1660 - 1721) an English writer whose most famous novels are Robinson Crusoe /1719-1721/ and Moll Flanders /1722/.
Deighton, Len /Лен Дейтон/ (1929 - ) a British author of spy fiction.
Dickens, Charles /Чарльз Диккенс/ (1812 - 1870) an English writer who is generally regarded as one of the greatest English novelists. He mocked and denounced the social evils of Victorian England as well as showing humour and pathos. Dickens told a good story without fear of sentimentalizing his characters. He used his books to portray the suffering of working class at the time of the Industrial Revolution. He created many memorable characters, including Bob Cratchit, Fagin, Uriah Heep, Jacob Marley and Samuel Pickwick. Many of his characters with their unusual names have entered popular folklore. A Christmas Carol with its evocation of a Victorian Christmas is probably still the most popular and best-known work that Dickens produced.
Doyle, Arthur Conan /Артур Конан Дойл/ (1859 - 1930) a British writer, creator of the detective Sherlock Holmes and his assistant Dr Watson. Conan Doyle also wrote historical romances and the scientific romance The Lost World /1912/.
Drabble, Margaret /Маргарет Дэббл/ (1939 - ) an English novelist who is best-known for her books about middle-class women in modern life.
Eliot, George /Джордж Элиот/ the pen name of Mary Ann Evans (1819 - 1880) an English novelist. She is usually considered one of the most intelligent and serious of the Victorian novelists. Her novels include Adam Bede /1859/, Silars Marner /1861/, Middlemarch /1872/, etc.
Fielding, Henry /Генри Филдинг/ (1707 - 1754) an English novelist. His most famous work is The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling /1749/. It had an important influence on the development of the English novel.
Fleming, Ian /Иэн Флеминг/ (1908 - 1964) an English writer who wrote many books about the secret agent James Bond (British Secret Service agent № 007) Most of the novels were made into successful films.
Forsyth, Frederick /Фредерик Форсайт/ (1938 - ) an English writer of exciting stories of crimes and violence. The books were made into films.
Fowles, John /Джон Фаулз/ (1926 - ) an English writer best-known for The French Lieutenant’s Woman /1969/.
Francis, Dick /Дик Фрэнсис/ (1920 - ) an English writer who used to be a professional horse rider and racer. He is known for his mystery stories about the horse-racing world.
Galsworthy, John /Джон Голсуорси/ (1867 - 1933) an English writer of books and plays who won the Nobel prize for literature in 1932. He is best-known for his books The Forsyte Saga /1906-1928/ about a rich middle-class English family called the Forsytes.
Golding, Sir William /Уильям Голдинг/ (1911 - 1993) an English writer who was given the 1983 Nobel prize for literature and is famous especially for his novel Lord of the Flies /1954/.
Greene, Graham /Грэм Грин/ (1904 - 1991) an English writer of novels and plays, famous especially for the novel Brighton Rock /(1938) and for the film The Third Man, for which he wrote the story.
Haggard, Sir Henry Rider /Генри Райдер Хаггард/ (1856 - 1925) an English writer remembered especially for his adventure stories King Solomon’s Mines /1885/.
Hardy, Thomas /Томас Харди (Гарди)/ (1840 - 1928) an English writer and poet. His best-known books include Tess of the D’Ubervilles /1891/ and Jude of Obscure /1895/.
James, P.D. /Ф.Д.Джеймс/ (1920 - ) a British writer of detective stories who invented the character Adam Dalgliesh. Many of her books have been filmed for television.
Jerome, Jerome Klapka /Джером Клапка Джером/ (1859 - 1927) an English writer who wrote humorous books, such as Idle Thoughts of an Idle Fellow /1886/ and Three Men in a Boat /1889/.
King, Francis /Фрэнсис Джойс/ (1923 - ) a novelist and short-story writer.
Kipling, Rudyard /Редьяр Киплинг/(1865 - 1936) an English writer born in India where his stories and poems are set. He is best-known for The Jungle Book /1894/, the poem If, and stories for children. He received the Nobel prize for literature in 1907.
Le Carre, John /Джон Ле Ларре/ (1931 - ) an English writer of thrillers and spy stories.
Lewis, Clive Staples /Клайв Стейплз Льюис/ (1898 - 1963) an English writer, known for his children’s religious and adult literary works.
Lively, Penelope /Пенелопа Лайвли/ (1933 - ) an English writer who has written several novels and children’s stories, and won the Booker prize in 1987.
Lofting, Hugh /Хью Лофтинг/ (1886 - 1947) an English writer of children’s books, best-known for The Story of Doctor Dolittle about a man who could talk to animals.
Maclean, Alistair /Алистер Маклин/ (1922 - 1987) a Scottish writer of adventure stories many of which have been made into films.
Maugham, Somerset /Сомерсет Моэм/ (1874 - 1965) an English short-story writer and novelist. He is best-known for his short stories, in many of which he cynically observes human frailties.
Meredith, George /Джордж Мередит/ (1828 - 1909) an English writer and poet.
Milne, Alan /Алан Милн/ (1882 - 1956) an English writer, best-known for his children’s books such as Winnie the Pooh, and a collection of poems with the title When We Were Very Young /1924/.
Moorcock, Michael /Майкл Муркок/ (1939 - ) a writer of science fiction.
Murdoch, Dame Iris /Айрис Мердок/ (1919 - 1999) a British writer, born in Ireland, known for her clever, thoughtful and humorous novel. She has gained an international reputation for her so-called psychological detective stories.
Orwell, George /Джордж Оруэлл/ adopted name of Eric Arthur Blair (1903 - 1950) an English writer best-known for his novels about totalitarian government.
Potter, Beatrix /Беатрикс Поттер/ (1866 - 1943) an English writer who wrote animal stories for young children and also drew the pictures for her books. Her books are still very popular with British children and their parents.
Powell, Anthony /Энтони Поуэлл/ (1905 - ) a British novelist. He has written a series of novels with the general title A Dance to the Music of Time.
Ransome, Arthur /Артур Рэнсом/ (1884 - 1967) an English writer best-known for his books for children, especially Swallows and Amazons, about children’s sailing adventures.
Rendell, Ruth /Рут Ренделл/ (1930 - ) an English writer whose short stories and novels are often about the reasons for murder. Some of her books have been filmed for television.
Scott, Sir Walter /Вальтер Скотт/ (1771 - 1832) a Scottish Writer and poet. He had a great influence on much nineteenth-century art, literature and taste.
Sillitoe, Alan /Алан Силлитоу/ (1928 - ) an English novelist. His novel Saturday Night and Sunday Morning /1958/ describes working-class life in the north of England.
Smollett, Tobias /Тобайас Смоллетт/ (1721 - 1771) a novelist, travel writer, critic, unsuccessful playwright and poet. Smollett was the first of the Scots novelists.
Snow, Charles Percy /Чарльз Перси Сноу/ (1905 - 1980) an English novelist and physicist. His The Two Cultures and the Scientific Revolution discussed the absence of communication between literary and scientific intellectuals in the West, and added the phrase the two cultures to the language.
Stevenson, Robert Louis /Роберт Льюис Стивенсон/ (1850 - 1894) a Scottish writer whose books Treasure Island /1883/, Kidnapped /1886/, and Catriona /1893/ are among the best-known adventure stories in English.
Stoker, Bram, born Abraham Stoker /Брэм Стокер/ (1847 - 1912) a British author. His most famous work is Dracula /1897/, which is considered one of the best horror tales ever written.
Swift, Jonathan /Джонатан Свифт/ (1667 - 1745) an Irish satirical writer and cleric, who wrote Gulliver’s Travels /1725/ as well as many shorter works attacking corruption in religion and education.
Thackeray, William Makepeace /Уильям Мейкпис Теккерей/ (1811 - 1863) an English writer born in India whose books include Vanity Fair /1847/. He wrote humorously and satirically about upper-class life.
Tolkien, John Ronald Reuel /Джон Рональд Руэл Толкин/ (1892 - 1973) an English writer and university teacher best-known for his fantasy books The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings.
Travers, Pamela Lyndon /Памела Линдон Трэверс/ (1906 - ) a writer of children’s literature. Born in Australia, she came to England in 1923 and worked as an actress-dancer until 1936. She based her first novel for children, Mary Poppins /1934/, on stories she had originally told to children of her acquaintance. The novel was an immediate success . Pamela Travers is also a talented poet.
Wallace, Edgar /Эдгар Уоллес/ (1875 - 1932) a British writer of crime novels and adventures stories. He was one of the most prolific fiction writers of the century: in 27 years he wrote 150 novels. Thirty years after his death, his books were still selling over a million copies annually. Many of Wallace’s stories were later filmed for television.
Waugh, Evelyn /Ивлин Во/ (1902 - 1966) an English novelist who wrote satirical comedies and three novels about World War II.
Wells, Herbert George /Герберт Джордж Уэллс/ (1866 - 1946) an English author, much concerned with social and political reforms. He wrote futuristic novels such as The Time Machine /1895/ and The War of the Worlds /1898/, historical and scientific works such as Outline of History /1920/, and comic novels.
Wilde, Oscar /Оскар Уайльд/ (1854 - 1900) an Irish-born author who spent most of his career in England. His works include poems, the novel The Picture of Dorian Gray, the play The Importance of Being Earnest, and many other plays.
Wilson, Sir Angus /Ангус Уилсон/ (1913 - 1991) a novelist, short-story writer and critic. He was knighted in 1980.
Woolf, Virginia /Вирджиния Вульф/ (1882 - 1941) an English writer and critic, a member of the so-called Bloomsbury group. This was a group of writers, artists and intellectuals living and working in the early 20th century in the London district of Bloomsbury, near the British Museum. They were critical of many aspects of contemporary society, notably morality, religion and aesthetics. Virginia’s house in London became the centre of the Bloomsbury group.
POETS Blake, William /Уильям Блейк/ (1757 - 1827) an English artist and poet. Much of his work shows his mystical vision of the world. All his writings express his hatred of materialism and his belief in the imaginati-on. He was a professional engraver, and also painted in watercolour. He illustrated his own works.
Brooke, Rupert /Руперт Брук/ (1887 - 1915) an English poet known for his romantic war poems. He fought in the First World War, dying of blood-poisoning on the Greek island.
Burns, Robert /Роберт Бернс/ (1759 - 1796) a Scottish national poet. He spent his youth in hard labour and hopeless poverty. He had only a few years of schooling, but was an avid reader, especially of Shakespeare and Robert Fergusson, a talented Scottish poet /1750-1774/. Burns began writing poetry at the age of fifteen, but he was twenty-seven when his first book was published in 1786, which won him immediate success. The source of Burns’ poetry is the life of common toilers and Scottish folklore. The most popular poems by Burns are My Heart’s in the Highlands, The Tree of Liberty, A Red, red Rose, Auld Lang Syne and many others.
Byron, George Gordon /Джордж Гордон Байрон/ (1788 - 1824) an English writer of romantic and satirical poetry, best-known for poems such as Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage and Don Juan.
Caedmon /Кэдмон/ (? - 680) an English poet of the 7th century, often referred to as the “Father of the English Poetry”, because he was the first known poet to use English. Actually his verses are in Northumbrian, an Old English dialect.
Chaucer, Geoffrey /Джеффри Чосер/ (1340 - 1400) one of the greatest poets in the English language. His masterpiece is The Canter-bury Tales. The language of this book is Middle English.
Clare, John /Джон Клэр/ (1793 - 1864) an English poet who wrote poems especially about country life and went mad in 1837.
Cope, Wendy /Уэнди Коуп/ (1945 - ) a poet. She writes satirical, occasionally desperate poems.
Donne, John /Джон Донн/ (1571 - 1631) an English religious and love poet, the greatest of the writers of metaphysical poetry.
Heaney, Seamus /Шимус Хини/ (1939 - ) an Irish poet.
Hopkins, Gerard Manley /Джерард Мэнли Гопкинс/ (1844 - 1889) an English poet who was also a priest. Many of his poems deal with spiritual or religious ideas.
Keats, John /Джон Китс/ (1795 - 1821) an English poet, a leading figure in the Romantic movement.
Milton, John /Джон Мильтон/ (1608 - 1674) an English poet, famous for his poem Paradise Lost, which was followed by Paradise Regained, written after he had gone blind.
Owen, Wilfred /Уилфред Оуэн/ (1893 - 1918) an English poet who wrote about the terrible events of the First World War. He was killed in the fighting just before the end of the war, and his poems were published after his death.
Pope, Alexander /Александр Поп/ (1688 - 1744) a British satirical poet who described the foolishness of people.
Shelley, Percy Bysshe /Перси Биши Шелли/ (1792 - 1822) an English poet, one of the leaders of Romanticism.
Tennyson, Alfred /Альфред Теннисон/ (1809 - 1892) an English poet who was made Poet Laureate in 1850. His poetry is musical and descriptive.
Thomas, Dylan /Дилан Томас/ (1914 - 1953) a Welsh poet.
Wordsworth, William /Уильям Вордсворт/ (1770 - 1850) an English romantic poet whose poems are mainly about the beauty of nature and often describe the countryside of the Lake District in England.
PLAYWRIGHTS Arden, John /Джон Арден/ (1930 - ) a playwright and novelist. His first play, All Fall Down /1955/ was performed by Edinburgh students. The play The Waters of Babylon /1957/ brought him into membership of the Writer’s Group at the Royal Court Theatre.
Beckett, Samuel /Сэмюэл Беккет/ (1906 - 1989) an Anglo-Irish writer of novels and plays who lived in France and wrote in French and English.
Bennett, Alan /Алан Беннет/ (1934 - ) a British writer and actor from the north of England, best-known for his many humorous television plays.
Coward, Sir Noel /Ноэл Кауард/ (1899 - 1973) an English playwright, actor, composer and entertainer.
Elton, Ben /Бен Элтон/ (1962 - ) a British writer and performer.
Enfield, Harry /Гарри Энфилд/ (1961 - ) an English writer and comedian who writes for and appears in many successful radio and television programmes.
Friel, Brian /Брайан Фрил/ (1929 - ) an Irish writer of plays who writes mainly about Irish people and the situation in Ireland today.
Middleton, Thomas /Томас Мидлтон/ (1580 - 1627) an English writer of plays who wrote satirical comedies and tragedies.
O’Casey, Sean /Шон О’Кейси/ (1880 - 1964) an Irish dramatist.
Osborne, John /Джон Осборн/ (1929 - 1995) an English writer of plays whose most famous works are Look Back in Anger and The Entertainer. The play Look Back in Anger was very successful when it was first produced in 1956. Osborne became the spokesman of the so-called angry young men, a new generation of writers who attacked British stratified society.
Pinter, Harold /Гарольд Пинтер/ (1930 - ) a dramatist, actor and stage director, one of the most influential of modern British playwrights.
Priestly, John Boynton /Джон Бойнтон Пристли/ (1894 - 1984) a British writer and broadcaster who took a humorous view of English life in his plays. He also wrote about literature, travel and society.
Shakespeare, William /Уильям Шекспир/ (1564 - 1616) an English writer of plays, one of the most famous ever, born in Stratford-upon-Avon. His plays show a great understanding of human activities of all kinds. In them he very skilfully uses many different literary styles to express a wide range of emotions and his work is famous for its sensitive view of human nature and for the richness of its language. Many well-known expressions have come from Shakespeare. Because the English language has changed so much since Shakespeare’s day, many people find his works difficult. The plays are usually described as comedies, tragedies and histories but this is an oversimplification as many of them do not fall neatly into any one category. Among the most famous of his plays are the tragedies of Romeo and Juliet, Julius Caesar, Hamlet, Othello, King Lear, Macbeth, the comedies of A Midsummer Night’s Dream, The Merchant of Venice, Twelfth Night, and the historical plays Richard III, Henry V. Shakespeare also wrote some very good poetry, especially the Sonnets. They show his depth of emotional understanding. He also worked as an actor at the Globe Theatre in London. He married Anne Hathaway in 1582 and they had three children. He is buried at Stratford-upon-Avon, and houses connected with him and his family can be visited there, as well as the Royal Shakespeare Theatre where his plays are regularly performed.
Shaw, George Bernard /Джордж Бернард Шоу/ (1856 - 1950) an Irish writer and critic, famous for his clever plays which point out fault in moral attitudes and in society. His bet-known play is Pygmalion.
Sheridan, Richard Brinsley /Ричард Бринсли Шеридан/ (1751 - 1816) an English politician and writer of plays.
NON – FICTION WRITERS Bacon, Sir Francis /Френсис Бэкон/ (1561 - 1626) an English politician, philosopher and writer. Bacon is known especially because of the suggestion that he might have written some or all Shakespeare’s plays.
Durrel, Gerald /Джеральд Даррелл/ (1925 - 1995) an English writer of travel books and books about the natural world, who is also known for his work as the Director of Jersey Zoo.
Johnson,Samuel, known as Dr. Johnson /Сэмюэл Джонсон/ (1709 - 1784) an English critic and dictionary writer, and a well-known figure in London society in the 18th century. He is considered to be a very well educated person.
Stark, Dame Freya /Фрейя Старк/ (1893 - 1993) an English traveller and writer known for her books about her travels in the Middle East.